Mar 18 • 5 mins read
How to Improve Credit Score in India With These 12 Financial Habits
If you are struggling with credit woes and want to find a quick fix for your credit scores, then understand this – there is no quick fix. Getting your credit scores in order requires both discipline and educating yourself about the options available.
What is considered a good credit score?
CIBIL score is a 3-digit numerical expression that ranges from 300 and 900. The closer your score is to 900, the better is your credit score. A credit score of 750 is considered as ideal for getting a loan on favourable terms. If you have a score that’s less than ideal, you need to take measures to improve it.
So, how to improve credit score in India? Develop these 12 good habits that are going to help you improve credit score:
Review Your Credit Report for Accuracy
Set up Payment Reminders to Pay Your Dues on Time
Fix Your Credit Utilization Ratio
Convert Your High-Interest Debt into EMIs Through Debt Consolidation
Pay More Than Once in a Billing Cycle
Pay Down “Maxed Out” Cards First
Build a Strong Credit Age
Maintain Older Credit Cards and Don’t Close the Ones You Are Not Using
Open New Credit Cards Only If You Really Need It
Avoid Applying for Credit Multiple Times, Too Frequently
Choose a Tenure in Which You Can Comfortably Pay the EMIs
It’s extremely important to ensure that all information on your credit report is accurate. A mistake or a discrepancy that’s reflecting on your credit report can negatively impact your credit score.
In India, there are 4 credit bureaus that provide credit scores: Credit Information Bureau India Limited (CIBIL), CRIF High Mark, Equifax, Experian. Carefully review the credit reports from all these 4 credit reporting agencies for their accuracy of information. If you notice any inaccurate information, outdated information or missing information, raise a dispute with the credit reporting agency and your lender. This is the closest you can get to a quick credit fix.
Remember: Pulling your own credit report does not impact your credit score.
Consistently paying your bills on time can raise your score within a few months. A single missed or late payment can have a significant negative impact on your credit score. To ensure that you pay your dues on time, write down payment deadlines for each bill in a planner or calendar and set up reminders online.
You can also consider enrolling for auto payments through your lender or bank to have your payments directly debited from your bank account.
If your credit card account balances exceed 30% of your credit limits every month, it’s a red flag because your credit score is suffering. Even if you are paying off your balances in full every month on the due date, it may reflect as outstanding in your credit report because your creditor reports the information to the credit bureau once a month and the date could be before your due date. So, it’s a good idea to consider pre-paying some of the balance before the due date to keep you above the 30% mark every month.
If you are having trouble making your payments because of the high-interest loan rates on credit card accounts and other loans, convert your multiple debts into EMIs by paying it off using a low-interest personal loan through debt consolidation. You can then choose your repayment schedule according to your financial capability and pay back the borrowed amount through affordable EMIs. The advantage of taking a personal loan to pay off your existing debt is the interest rate; it’s nearly half of credit card interest rates.
Making payments once in a month is good but not great for your credit score/CIBIL Score. Your creditors report balances to the credit bureaus every month. If you have big balances, it could mean that you are overusing your credit.
If you enjoy good financial standing, the best thing you could do is pay more than one monthly payment. It definitely reduces your debt faster; it also reduces your credit utilization ratio and improves your credit score/CIBIL Score.
When you are using multiple credit cards, it is advisable to pay down the card that’s about to max out the limit first. This strategy will help lower the credit utilization ratio and give a boost to your credit score.
A good average credit age would be more than 5 years. The longer your positive credit history is, the better is your credit score.
If your credit history is short, there’s not much you can do. One option: Piggyback to be an authorized user on a family member or a friend’s credit card if they have a good and long credit history. However, it’s easier said than done because it may be challenging for you to find somebody who willingly adds you as an authorized user because they would be the ones responsible for any charges you make on the credit card. Other option: Be patient and don’t close any accounts.
If you have no history at all, it may take three to six months from the beginning date to see any activity being reported on your credit reports. One option to establish a credit history is to take a credit card, make small purchases that you can afford to repay, and pay the balance in full every month.
As mentioned in point 7, the age of your credit history has a significant impact on the credit score. It reflects your experience in handling credit. If you’ve old credit cards, it’s important that you maintain them and keep paying the bills on time in full every month. Do not close them, even if you are not using them anymore. If you must close, close the newer ones.
Keeping your old credit cards open helps you build a long and healthy credit history, thus improving your credit score.
Think deeply about whether you need to open additional credit card accounts at all. Having many open accounts that you are not using will only accrue charges while giving you no other major edge if you are working to improve credit score.
Every time you apply for a new credit account, the lender pulls up your credit report. Every pull is considered a hard inquiry, which can lower your score temporarily. Refrain from applying for several loans or credit cards within a short time. Keep your hard inquiries to a minimum by shopping around, comparing the offers, and then applying with the lender offering you the best deal.
As mentioned in point 2, regular and timely payments improve credit score. So, when borrowing a loan, it’s always safe to choose a longer repayment tenure. This ensures lower EMI, which you can comfortably pay, thus decreasing the chances of defaulting, delaying or skipping your EMIs.
Remember: If you can afford to pay larger EMIs, choose a shorter tenure. By doing so, you’ll pay off the borrowed money faster and save money on interest.
Improving credit score is not an overnight thing. It takes time, but you need to consistently improve your credit habits if you want to improve credit score. All the points mentioned above are good credit habits you need to develop for a good credit score.
In short, if you want to improve credit score, focus on reducing your high outstanding amounts and maintain a healthy credit history by making timely payments and managing your credit accounts in a disciplined manner. You might not be able to fix your credit immediately, but with patience and consistency and a little help from MoneyTap, you will succeed in the end.